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The first volume of this translation contains a biography of al-Tabari and a discussion of the method, scope, and value of his work. Musa al-Kazim, the seventh imam according to the Twelver Shi'ah; see "Musa al-Kazim," EP, VII, 645-48 (E. This mar- riage between the daughter of the sixth Shi'i imam and a member of the 'Abbasid family points to an attempt at reconciling the Shi'is with the new regime. A highly regarded Basran traditionist and expert on rijal, i.e., the biogra- phies and evaluation of transmitters of tradition. Muhammad: I heard a man of the Banu Qafal, of the noblest of the Banu Taym Allah, say to Abu Hanifah "What are you but a client of mine? A theologian and the eponymous founder of one of the law schools, the Hanafiyyah. Schacht); Ibn 'Abd al-Barr, al- intiqd', 122-75; al-Suyuti, Tabyid al-sahifah ; al-Sayrawan, 82; Abu Zahrah; al- Dhahabi, Manaqib al-Imam Abi Hanifah. See al-Sam'ani, HI, 21,31; Ibn al-Athir, Lubdb, II, io,- Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib, XI, 130; al-Dhahabl, Mushtabih, 208, 210, • al-Mizzi, Tahdhib, XXXI, 71-73. He transmitted few traditions and was reli- able ( thiqah ). In his monumental work al-Tabari explores the history of the ancient nations, with special emphasis on biblical peoples and prophets, the legendary and factual history of ancient Iran, and, in great detail, the rise of Islam, the life of the Prophet Muhammad, and the history of the Islamic world down to the year 915. See al-Sam'ani, m, 320; al-Safadl, XV, 487-88; Ibn Manzur, Mukhtasar, X, 210. That is, the nephew of the first and second 'Abbasid caliphs. According to Abu Hisham al-Rifa'i — his paternal uncle Kathir b. al-Mubarak used to say "If these two agree on some- thing, I adhere to that opinion," meaning [Sufyan b. 1108 One of the Kufans composed satirical verses against him, calling him Shirshir and saying "[There is] a small dog in hell [2511] whose name is Shirshir." 1109 [The Kufan] composed [the follow- ing verses]: 1110 1106. Kathir, a traditonist who transmitted from Rabi'ah al-Ra’y among others. 1129 Hamzah was one of the Qur’an readers, who excelled in learning the Qur’an by heart. It brings together biographies of Companions, Successors, and scholars of subsequept generations; many chapters are devoted to women related to the Prophet who played a role in the trans- mission of knowledge. The page numbers of the Leiden edition appear in the margins of the trans- lated volumes. Said] al-Qattan 1105 was asked "Whom do you prefer, Mujalid b. This is the only biographical source to mention one of the verses recorded here by al-Tabari. On the schools of law and their rivalry, see Schacht, Origins. The verb sharshara means "to bite," and according to the lex- icographer al-Layth, explaining a certain verse, shirshir means a dog. One of the first places in Iraq to be raided by the Muslims in the year 12/63. The biographies vary in length and style, ranging from mere identification of a person to long accounts and anecdotes. VI Preface Al-Tabari very often quotes his sources verbatim and traces the chain of transmission ( isnad ) to an original source. The lex- icographer al-Azharl, however, argues that al-Layth was mistaken: shirshir is the nam e of a certain desert shrub. Ibn 'Abd Rabbihi, V, 303; al-Jahiz, I, 148-49 (read al-Rani for al-Ra’y; the editor could not identify Abu Sa'id). The History of al-Tabari Biographies of the Prophet s Companions and Their Successors Volume XXXIX Translated by Ella Landau-Tasseron The present volume is the collection of excerpts from al-Tabari’s biographical work entided The Supplement to the Supplemented (Dhayl al-mudhayyal). It also provides information on some of the technical considerations that have guided the work of the translators. He died in 198/812; see Ibn Hajar, Tahdhib, XI, 190-93. " whereupon [Abu Hanifah] retorted "I bring you more honor than you do me." According to al-Walid b. He is recorded, usually very briefly, in many other biographical sources. Khayyat, Ta’iikh, 455; idem, Tabaqat, r68; Ibn Hibban, Mashahii, 267. " I said "I am a member of the Banu Hilal." Abu Ja'far said "I have no ancestress I like better than the one who was a member of your clan." 1124 I said "O Commander of the Faithful, do you know what the poet said about us and you? " whereupon I recited: With the Quraysh we share both piety and kinship,- this is a specific partnership 1125 Through the offspring of the women of the Banu Hilal, as well as the women of the Banu Aban. Kidam died in the year 156/December 2, 772-November 20, 773.

Jarir al-Tabari (839-923), here rendered as The History of al-Tabari, is by common consent the most important universal history produced in the world of Islam. Shahak, a client of the caliph al-Mansur, who served the 'Abbasids in several offices. Shirk (read shirkat ) al-'inan, a partnership in a particular thing to the exclusion of the rest of the partners' property.

For information, address State University of New York Press, State University Plaza, Albany, N. Selections] Biographies of the Prophet's companions and their successors / translated and annotated by Ella Landau-Tasseron p. — (SUNY series in Near Eastern studies) (The history of al-Tabari = Ta’rikh al-rusul wal’l muluk ; v. Others that cannot be translated with sufficient preci- sion have been retained and italicized, as well as footnoted. Sa'sa'ah [Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted Traditions from Him] / 126 Those of the Banu Numayr b. Sa'sa'ah [Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted Traditions from Him] / 127 [Those of the Banu Taghlib Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted Traditions from Him] / 129 The Names of Those Who Believed in the Prophet and Followed Him during His Lifetime, Then Outlived Him and Transmitted [Traditions] from Him, of Yemeni Tribes / 130 The Names of Some of Those Belonging to Other Yemeni Tribes Who Believed in the Prophet and Followed Him during His Lifetime, Outlived Him, and Transmitted Traditions from Him / 137 The Names of the Ash'aris Who Transmitted [Traditions] from the Prophet / 147 The Names of [the People of] Hadramawt Who Transmitted [Traditions] from the Prophet / 148 Of the Kindah / 149 Those Who Transmitted [Traditions] from the Prophet, of the Rest of the Azd / 150 Of the Hamdan / 1 5 1 The Biographies of the Women Who Embraced Islam during the Prophet's Lifetime: Those of Them Who Passed away before the Emigration / 16 1 Those of Them Who Died during the Prophet's Lifetime after the Emigration / 161 Contents The Prophet's Wives Who Died during His Lifetime / 163 The [Death] Dates of the Prophet's Daughters, Paternal Aunts, and Wives Who Died after Him / 166 The Death Dates of the Prophet's Wives Who Died after Him / 169 Biographies of the Women Whose Death Dates Are Known, of the Emigrants, Ansar, and Others Who Were the Prophet's Contemporaries, Believed in Him, and Followed Him / 19 1 Names of the Hashim I Women Believers Who Outlived the Prophet, Transmitted Traditions from Him, and Had [Their] Knowledge Transmitted from Them / 195 Clients [of the Banu Hashim] / 199 Arab Women [Married into the Quraysh] Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted [Traditions] from Him, Having Given Him the Oath of Allegiance and Embraced Islam during His Lifetime / 201 The Death Dates of Successors and People of the Following Generations, of [Our] Deceased Forefathers Who Had Been Scholars and Transmitters of Traditions / 206 Successors Who Died in the Year 32 (652/653) / 206 Those Who Died in the Year 81 (700/701) / 208 Those Who Died in the Year 83 (702/703) / 209 Those Who Died in the Year 105 (723/724) / 215 Those Who Died in the Year hi (729/730) / 228 Those Who Died in the Year 1 12 (730/731) / 229 Those Who Died in the Year 150 (767/768) / 250 Contents xii Those Who Died in the Year 161 (777/778) / 2,57 Qurash I [Women], [Younger] Contemporaries of Companions of the Prophet, from Whom Knowledge Was Transmitted / 278 The Following are Names and Kunyahs Mentioned in the History / 281 The Women Contemporary with the Prophet Who Gave Him the Oath of Allegiance and Are Known by Their Kunyahs / 286 The Kunyahs of People Who Outlived the Prophet and Were Known by Their Names, Not by Their Kunyahs / 287 Those of the Prophet's Companions Who Were Known by [the Names of] Their Patrons or Brothers or by Their [Own] Nicknames or by Their Grandfathers, Instead of Their Actual Fathers / 300 The Names of the Successors Who Were Known by Their Kunyahs / 303 The Kunyahs of the Successors Who Were Known by Their Names, Rather than by Their Kunyahs / 314 The Kunyahs of People of Subsequent Generations Who Were Known by Their Names, Rather than by Their Kunyahs / 332 Bibliography of Cited Works / 339 Index / 357 Abbreviations AO: Acta Orientalia AOH: Acta Orientalia Hungarica BSOAS: Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies El 1 : The Encyclopaedia of Islam, ist edition. 1 In spite of its title, the book does not belong to the literary genre of "supplement" [dhayl, literally, "a tail"), which consists of his- tories or biographical dictionaries written by later authors as con- tinuations of earlier works. Dhayls were sometimes called silah or takmilah, "continuation" or "com- pletion." The works of al-Hamadhani and al-Qurtubi were published in combina- XVI Translator's Foreword Describing al-Tabari's work, al-Sakhawi says the following: The great History includes the sources of the [various] reports, [as well as] the accounts of the world history, but it is limited by the author's purpose, namely, to supply information about history, wars, and conquests. " 1114 Zufar said "Had my father been present I would have 1 1 1 1. Here al-Shafi'i (quoting Malik) admires Abu Hanifah's method, at least as far as it is persuasive; see Landau-Tasseron, "Cyclical Reform," 101, 106. The biography he wrote [sirah] was widely known and cited, and Excerpts from The Supplement to the Supplemented 253 He was a client of 'Abdallah b.

Y., 12,246 Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Tabari, 838? 39) (Bibliotheca Persica) Includes bibliographical references and index. The annotation is aimed chiefly at clarifying difficult passages, identifying individuals and place names, and discussing textual difficulties. The author of a "supplement" would usually start the book where the earlier author had left off and would tend to follow the style and patterns used by his pre- decessor. The difficulties that de Goeje's text presented even after all their assistance do not reflect upon their efforts. Yohannan Friedmann for some valuable comments and to Dr. Only rarely does [al-Tabari] deal with disparaging transmitters or declaring them trustworthy ( al-jarh wa-al-ta’dil), be- cause his work on biographies suffices in this respect ( ikti - fa’an bi-ta’nkhihi fi al-rijal). Fa-tukfiiahu (with fa’ al-sababiyyah ) is a better reading than the present wa-tukfiruhu; see 251m .a. See al-Safadi, XTV, 200- 1; Ibn Sa'd, VI, 270; al-Dhahabi, Mlzan, I, 348. Zufar belonged to the 'Anbar clan of the tribe of Tamlm, whereas Abu Hanifah was a client of Taymallah of the Bakr confederation, traditional enemies of the Tamim; see fad al-Mawla et al., 170-228. Wa- qid: I saw Abu Hanlfah [sit] to give legal opinions from early in the day until midday. Anas] was once asked [to give his opinion about] al-Battl 1116 and said "He was of a middling sort." He was [also] asked about ['Abdallah] Ibn Shubrumah 1117 and said "He was of a middling sort." "What about Abu Hanifah? Malik said "Had he approached these [stone] columns of yours [in the mosque] and argued with you on the basis of analogy ( qiyas ), he would have made them [turn into] wood." 1118 Muhammad b.

The bibliographies list all the sources mentioned in the anno- tation. For al-Tabari's History such "supplements" were written by Muhammad b. He adduced [all this information], together with its sources and many chains of transmission,- he was erudite in all these and other matters. al-Hudhayl belonged to the Banu al-'Anbar, [a clan] of the Tamim. Bashshar al-Ramadi — [Sufyan] Ibn 'Uyaynah: I never saw anyone more insolent toward God than Abu Hanlfah.

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The index in each volume contains all the names of persons and places referred to in the text, as well as those mentioned in the notes as far as they refer to the medieval period. A general index, it is hoped, will appear after all the volumes have been published. Ghalib Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted [Traditions] from Him / 1 17 [Those of the Banu Jumah Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted Traditions from Him] / 118 [The Companions] of the Banu 'Amir b. Ghalib [Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted Traditions from Him] / 1 18 [Those of the Kinanah Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted Traditions from Him] / ir9 [Those of the Tamim Who Outlived the Prophet and Transmitted Traditions from Him] / 123 X Contents Those of the Banu Dabbah b. 'Abd al-Malik al-Hamadhanl, Abu Ahmad al- Farghanl, and 'Arib b. 2 I wish to thank those who helped me in my efforts to understand de Goeje's introduction, written in Latin: Prof. Al-Tabari wrote a supplement to the above-mentioned History-, moreover, he supplemented the supplement as well. Rosenthal, "Introduction," 133; Yaqut, Irshad, 2456-57; Ibn al-Nadim, I, 565. A man from Khurasan came to him with a hundred thousand issues and said to him "I want to ask you about all this," whereupon Abu Hanlfah said "Ask! Rowson, The University of Pennsylvania Ehsan Yar-Shater, Columbia University ( General Editor) Estelle Whelan, Editorial Coordinator Center for Iranian Studies Columbia University SUNY SERIES IN NEAR EASTERN STUDIES Said Amir Arjomand, Editor We note with profound regret the death on October 13, 1997, of Dr. 632 — Companions — Biography — Early works to 1800. Muslims — Saudi Arabia — Biography — Early works to 1800. Muslim women — Saudi Arabia — Biography — Early works to 1800. Less common place names, which are the vast majority, are transliterated. Silsilah of the Banu Ma'n of Tayyi’, 20 [once] paid a visit to her family and brought Zayd along [2298] with her. Jasr 21 raided the tents of the Banu Ma'n, the clan of Zayd's mother, and seized Zayd, who was then already grown up, [a young man] of full stature. Abu Hanlfah was present [at the wedding], and Zufar asked him to speak. He was an expert on the campaigns of the Prophet [maghazl), [as well as] on the battles of the Arabs, their history, and genealogies. Estelle Whelan, who capably coordinated and saw through the press the publication of most of the volumes in this series, including the present one. Biblical figures appear in the accepted English spelling. They brought him to the market at 'Ukkaz 22 and offered him for sale, whereupon Hakim b. Abu Hanlfah then delivered a speech, saying "Here is Zufar b. He was a transmitter of Arab poetry ( rawiyah ), [as well as] many traditions. This volume represents a long tradition characteristic of Muslim culture. The chains of transmitters are, for the sake of brevity, rendered by only a dash ( — ) between the individual links in the chain. Haritha," El 1 , VII, 1194 he was a reliable [transmitter] ( thiqah ). I fail to see how a shrub can be confused with a dog. Excerpts from The Supplement to the Supplemented 251 These are issues no Shirshir can master or his friends, when asked [their opinion]. Zuhayr al-Hilall, a genuine member of the Banu Hilal. According to Abu al-Sa’ib — Abu Nu'aym — Mis'ar: I came to see Abu Ja'far [al-Mansur] and said [to him] "O Commander of the Faithful, I am your maternal uncle." He said "Which one of them together with the work of al-Waqidl constituted the foundation of all subsequent research on Muhammad's life.