Does radiometric dating always involve carbon
To measure the rate of decay, a suitable detector records the number of beta particles ejected from a measured quantity of carbon over a period of time, say a month (for illustration purposes).
Since each beta particle represents one decayed carbon-14 atom, we know how many carbon-14 atoms decayed during that month.
Radiocarbon (carbon-14 or C) forms continually today in the earth’s upper atmosphere.
After radiocarbon forms, the nuclei of the carbon-14 atoms are unstable, so over time they progressively decay back to nuclei of stable nitrogen-14.3 A neutron breaks down to a proton and an electron, and the electron is ejected. The ejected electrons are called beta particles and make up what is called beta radiation. Different carbon-14 atoms revert to nitrogen-14 at different times, which explains why radioactive decay is considered a random process.
But there is no way of independently calibrating the radioactive clocks in rocks because no observers were present when the rocks formed and the clocks started. And because the half-life of carbon-14 is just 5,730 years, radiocarbon dating of materials containing carbon yields dates of only thousands of years, not the dates over millions of years that conflict with the framework of earth history provided by the Bible, God’s eyewitness account of history.