Old wood problem radiocarbon dating
Archaeologists believe it is the work of the Old Kingdom Dynasty 4 society that rose to prominence in the Nile Valley from ca. In dealing with the 374-year discrepancy, we had to consider the old wood problem.We expected that by the pyramid age the Egyptians had been intensively exploiting wood for fuel for a long time and that old trees had been harvested long before.The 1984 results left us with too little data to conclude that the historical chronology of the Old Kingdom was in error by nearly 400 years, but we considered this at least a possibility. During 1995 samples were collected from the Dynasty 1 tombs at Saqqara to the Djoser pyramid, the Giza Pyramids, and a selection of Dynasty 5 and 6 and Middle Kingdom pyramids.In galleries under the pyramid of the Dynasty 3 pharaoh Djoser more than 40,000 stone vessels were found.
Inscriptions on them included most of the kings of Dynasty 1 and 2, but Djoser's name occurred only once.
We also have fair agreement between our radiocarbon dates and historical dates for the Middle Kingdom. If the Middle Kingdom radiocarbon dates are okay, why are the Old Kingdom ones from pyramids so problematic?