Roman dating kalends
In this case the letter C represents dies comitiales, days when committees of citizens could vote on political or criminal matters.The other letter designations : The center diagram is a typical festival, or feriae.The last six names were taken from the words for five, six, seven, eight, nine, and ten. According to tradition, the Roman ruler Numa Pompilius added January and February to the calendar. To make the calendar correspond approximately to the solar year, Numa also ordered the addition every other year of a month called Mercedinus.Romulus, the legendary first ruler of Rome, is supposed to have introduced this calendar in the 700s B. Mercedinus was inserted after February 23 or 24, and the last days of February were moved to the end of Mercedinus.For centuries afterward, Romans referred to the first day of each month as Kalendae or Kalends from the Latin word calare (to announce solemnly, to call out). Of the three sections, Kalends was the longest it had more days than the other two combined.That’s because it spanned more than two lunar phases, starting from the day after full moon and continuing thru its last quarter and waning period, then past the dark new moon until another lunar crescent was sighted. It was dedicated to Juno, a principal goddess of the Roman Pantheon.
In the calendar of the ancient Romans, the months contained three primary markers the Kalends, the Nones and the Ides.Each month was divided into sections that ended on the day of one of the first three phases of the moon: new, first quarter or full.All days were referred to in terms of one of these three moon phase names, Kalends, Nones or Ides.The archaic form of the K, for Kalends, was used in front of the name of the month.