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More mundanely, the hero of Macklin’s play is a resident landlord, a personification of the sort of practical patriotism promoted by the Royal Dublin Society (founded 1731) and articulated by a substantial pamphlet literature stretching from Swift’s (1735–37).
A second Irish dimension in Anglo-Irish literature of the period may be detected in the cross-fertilizations of language.
The legacy of the political settlement in Ireland that followed the defeat at Aughrim thus had a strongly sectarian and colonial cast that, when coupled with the grim Irish realities of conflict and poverty, would later trouble the writings of Edmund Burke.
The presence of a “dual tradition” in Irish writing has been important in shaping and inflecting the material written in English, the language of Ireland’s colonizers.Dual allegiance was first and foremost a political problem, but that problem also worked itself out in shifting and ambiguous senses of cultural (or national) identities and in writing.Swift demonstrated no interest in the “barbarous” Irish language and, unlike Burke, no sympathy for poor Irish Roman Catholics.Protestant patriots rejected the notion that Ireland was either a dependant kingdom or a colony, but the statute book, the economic and political restrictions placed on Ireland by the British government at London, and the planting of English placemen in Irish jobs instructed them otherwise.
In ,” of course, he meant English Protestants living in Ireland, and therein lies the paradox at the root of the Anglo-Irish condition.
The defeat of Hugh O’Neill, 2nd earl of Tyrone, at the Battle of Kinsale in 1601 marked the start of the gradual, century-long collapse of Gaelic civilization as the dominant mode of Irish existence.