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The Census Bureau and the Association of American Geographers classify West Virginia as part of the Southern United States.
The northern panhandle extends adjacent to Pennsylvania and Ohio, with the West Virginia cities of Wheeling and Weirton just across the border from the Pittsburgh metropolitan area, while Bluefield is less than 70 miles (110 km) from North Carolina.
They had a tribal trade system culture that crafted cold-worked copper pieces.Residents of the western and northern counties set up a separate government under Francis Pierpont in 1861, which they called the Restored Government.Most voted to separate from Virginia, and the new state was admitted to the Union in 1863.It is one of the most densely karstic areas in the world, making it a choice area for recreational caving and scientific research.
Many ancient man-made earthen mounds from various prehistoric mound builder cultures survive, especially in the areas of present-day Moundsville, South Charleston, and Romney.A horizon extending from a little before the early 18th century is sometimes called the acculturating Fireside Cabin culture.Trading posts were established by European traders along the Potomac and James rivers.Huntington in the southwest is close to the states of Ohio and Kentucky, while Martinsburg and Harpers Ferry in the Eastern Panhandle region are considered part of the Washington metropolitan area, in between the states of Maryland and Virginia.