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The stone building in the northeastern corner contained the king's residence.The building in the southwestern corner contained a large arched banquet hall.Kronborg is a castle and stronghold in the town of Helsingør, Denmark.Immortalized as Elsinore in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Kronborg is one of the most important Renaissance castles in Northern Europe and has been added to UNESCO's World Heritage Sites list (2000).After the conclusion of the Northern Seven Years' War in 1570, King Frederick II initiated an extension of the advanced bastions to relieve the medieval curtain wall.The main architect was the Flemish architect Hans Hendrik van Paesschen and the fortification works were completed in 1577.The army left the castle in 1923, and after a thorough renovation it was opened to the public.The castle's story dates back to a fortress, Krogen (lit.
Along with the fortress Kärnan, Helsingborg on the opposite coast of Øresund, it controlled the entranceway to the Baltic Sea.In the south wing, the medieval building in the southeast corner was refitted as a modern chapel with the vaulted windows facing the chapel being retained.Initially, the castle was reconstructed only to a height of two storeys.In 1629 a fire destroyed much of the castle, but King Christian IV subsequently had it rebuilt. In 1658 Kronborg was besieged and captured by the Swedes who took many of its valuable art treasures as war booty.
In 1785 the castle ceased to be a royal residence and was converted into barracks for the army.King Christian III had the corners of the curtain wall supplemented with bastions in 1558-59.As a consequence of developments in the military technique of the era and the improved striking power of the artillery, it became clear that it was necessary to modernize the fortifications of Krogen.The castle was built on Ørekrog, a sandy tongue of land stretching into the sea from the coast of Zealand towards the coast of Scania.